Győző Garab (Hungary)
Professor Emeritus at the Biological Research Centre (BRC), Szeged, Hungary
Visiting Professor at the Faculty of Science, Ostrava University, Czech Republic
CEO of Biofotonika Research and Development Ltd., Szeged

6726, Szeged, Temesvári krt 62. Hungary
+36-36-599-709, +36-30-2077787
Date of birth 01/01/1948 | Nationality Hungarian

Győző Garab, former head of the Photosynthetic Membranes Laboratory at the BRC, graduated in Physics (1971) at the Szeged University (JATE) and obtained his PhD in 1974 in Biophysics, DSc degree at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS) in 1992. His main long-term fellowships and visiting scholars were spent at the CEA Saclay (France), the Moscow State University, the Institut Biology Physico-Chimique (Paris), the University of Illinois (Urbana), the University of New Mexico (Albuquerque) and the Brookhaven National Laboratory (Upton, NY). He organized major conferences, including the International Congress on Photosynthesis Research (Budapest, 1998), and several workshops and advanced schools, among others under the auspicies of the European Science Foundation (ESF), the International Society of Photosynthesis Research (ISPR), the IUPAB, the EBSA and the Global Intiative for Academic Network. He is member of three Hungarian PhD schools; received a number of national, foreign and international research grants in basic biology and in technical developments of scientific instruments, including the National Excellence Program of Hungary and EU FP network grants; served in numerous Hungarian and foreign scientific societies and boards, including the Hungarian Biophysical Society, the ESF Program Biophysics of Photosynthesis, the ISPR, and the Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI-ALPS); he is vice-president of the Szeged Regional Commission of the HAS.

Academic & Research Achievements: The main research interests of G. Garab are on the field of biophysics and physiology of photosynthesis. On this area he (co-)authored two monographies and more than 200 papers in peer-reviewed international journals. His main discoveries: the biological thermo-optic effect – light-induced reversible reorganizations driven by the dissipation of excess excitation energy; polymorphism of plant thylakoid membranes – the co-existence of non-bilayer lipid phases with the bilayer phase; conformational changes in Photosystem II reaction center – leading to charge-separated light-adapted state; the macro-organization and structural and functional plasticity of thylakoid membranes and pigment-protein complexes: the quasi-helical organization of the granum-stroma thylakoid membrane assembly, the multilamellar membrane systems of oxygenic photosynthetic organisms, the chiral macrodomains of the protein complexes in vivo and in vitro; and the functioning of chlororespiration in higher plants. He has also designed and constructed scientific instruments, including the Integrated Cavity Absorption Meter (ICAM) – for weakly absorbing turbid materials; and Differential-Polarization Laser Scanning Microscopes (DP-LSMs) – for mapping the anisotropy of microscopic samples.


Junior Res Assoc (1975-1983) Biological Research Center (BRC), Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS)
Res Assoc (1984-1989) BRC HAS
Senior R Assoc (1984-1989) BRC HAS
Head of Lab (1987-2016) Laboratory of Photosynthetic Membranes, BRC HAS
Sci Advisor (1994-2016) BRC HAS
Deputy Dir (1999-2000) BRC HAS, Institute of Plant Biology
Prof Emeritus (2016-2019) BRC HAS
Visiting Professor (2016-2019) Ostrava University, Ostrava, Czech Republic (part-time)
Res Scientist (interm 1987-1995) Brookhaven National Laboratory, Biology Dept., Upton, NY, USA
CEO, Co-owner (2004-) Biofotonika R&D Ltd, Szeged, Hungary.


MSc physics, 1971 solid state luminophores – JATE (Szeged Univ), Inst. Techn. Phys., Budapest
Ph.D. 1974 biophysics and plant physiology, BRC, JATE (Szeged University)
Candidate biol sci 1982 HAS
DSc biol sciences 1992 HAS


1975 Centre d’Etudes Atomiques (CEA), Sect Bioenerg, Saclay, France, 2 months
1976 Moscow State Univ, Biophysics Department, Moscow, USSR, 3 months
1978 Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, Paris, France, 4 months
1981 CEA, Section Bioenergetique, Saclay, France, 3 months
1984/1985 University of Illinois, Dept. Plant Biology, Urbana, IL, USA, 15 months
1985/1986 Brookhaven National Laboratory, Biology Dept., Upton, NY, 15 months
1987 University of New Mexico, Chem Dept, Albuquerque, NM, USA 3 months
1988 Brookhaven Natl Lab and Univ New Mexico, USA 4 months
1990 Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, USA, 4 months


2019, GIAN Course organizer Global Initiative Academic Network, Chloropl Structure and Function
2019-, Council Member International Council of the Ostrava University
2019, Workshop Organizer Structure and Dynamics of Type II Photosynthetic Reaction Centers
2018, Organizer Mini-symposium: Neutrons for Biology. Szeged, Hungary
2018, Co-organizer Meeting of the Hung Photosynth Researchers, Mátrafüred, Hungary
2017, co-organizer Modern light sources and their applications, Szeged, Hungary
2017-, Member of Cttee ELI-ALPS Scientific Advisory Commission
2017-, Vice-president SZAB – Szeged-Region Academy Commission
2016 Advisory Committee VII Internatl Conf Photosynth Res Sustainablility, Pushchino, Russia
2016 Organizing Cttee XV Eur Light Michroscopy Initiative Congr. Debrecen, Hungary
2016 Advisory Committee XVII Internatl Photosynthesis Congress, Maastricht, The Netherlands
2015 Chairman Internatl. Workshop on Photosynthetic Proteins, Szeged, Hungary
2015 Commision member Evaluation of institutes and research groups of CZAS, Czech Republic
2014 Chairman Internatl. Workshop “Ultrafast Processes in Photosynthesis” Szeged
2014, Director Advanced Training School of PHOTOTECH COST TD1102, Szeged
2011, Director EBSA Biophysics Course on Solar Energy, Szeged,
2011, Sci. Cttee member EBSA Congress Budapest
2005, Org. Cmt member FEBS IUBMB Congress, Budapest, Program Committee,
2001, Director Advanced International Summer School on Membrane Biophysics
2001-9, 2013, Board m OTKA (Hung. Basic Res Fund) Infraindividual Biology,
1998-2004 European repr International Society for Photosynthesis Research,
1998, Chairman XIth International Congress on Photosynthesis, Budapest, Hungary,
1994-2002, Vice president Hungarian Biophysical Society,
2008-2015, Secretary gen Hungarian Biophysical Society,
1993, Secretary General XIth International (IUPAB) Biophysics Congress, Budapest,
1993, Director Spectr Energy Converting Membranes; ESF Summer School Szeged,
1995-2002, Founding pres Biophysics Work Group, Szeged Regional Cttee of the HAS
Committee member Biophysics, Plant Physiology Hungarian Academy of Sciences
1989, ProgCttee member IIIrd European Photobiology Congress, Budapest,
1994- , Founding president Foundation for Photosyntesis
1988-91, Board member OKKFT T/t (Hungary) Molecular Biology Program


Biochemistry; Biochim Biophys Acta – Bioenergetics; Biomembranes; Biophys Chem; Bioelectrochemistry; Biophys J; Cellulose, Chem Phys; FASEB J, FEBS J; FEBS Lett; IUBMB Life; JACS; J Exp Bot; J Mol
Struct; J Photochem Photobiol B: Biol (Editorial Board member); J Phys Chem B; J. Plant Physiol; JQRST, Moelcular Plants, Nat Sci Rep; Photochem Photobiol; Photosynth Res; Photosyntetica (Assoc Editor); Physiol Plantarum; Phys Chem Chem Phys; Plant Cell; Plant J; Plant Physiol; PLOS One; PNAS; TIPS

Chinese Acad. Sci. (SPRP), ERC – Synergy, Euro-BioImaging, (Human Frontiers Program; ISF (Israel); Fonds pour la Formation de Chercherurs et l’Aide a la Recherche); Hung. Acad. Sci. (Bolyai, Momentum, Res. Groups, Postdocs), NCN (Poland); NSERC/CRSNG (Canada); NWO Chem Watenschappen (The Netherlands); USDA Photosynth Respiration


Supervising: 20 PhD students (incl. univ. doct, and cand deg in earlier syst) Member of 3 doctoral schools in Hungary
Lectures and practicals on Photosynthesis, Spectroscopy, Membrane Biophysics and Alternative Biological Energy (undergrad, postgrad levels)

Photosynthesis, Membrane Biophysics, Polarization Spectroscopy, Laser spectroscopy, Laserscanning Microscopy, Neutron Scattering


1994 J. Ernst award (Hungarian Biophysical Society)
2001 Straub Medal, (Biological Research Center),
2009 Knight (Internatl. Order of Merit of Inventors),
2014 Farkas Gábor Medal (Hungarian Society of Plant Biologists)
2015 MBFT Medal (Hungarian Biophysical Society)
2019 Damjanovich Medal (Debrecenn University)

Mother tongue(s) Hungarian
Listening Reading Spoken interaction Spoken production
English C2 C2 C2 C2 C2
Russian B1 B1 B1 B1 A2

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Scientometric data: Total number of publications: 272
Peer-reviewed publications in extenso cumulative impact factor: >650 (no updated info available) Total citations: 5397
Independent citations: 3823
Hirsch index: 42 From Google Scholar:
Total Since 2015
Citations: 7220 2891
h-index: 46 29
i10-index: 153 89


1. Garab G (ed.) (1998) Photosynthesis: Mechanisms and Effects. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Volumes I-V.
2. Garab G, Lohner K, Laggner P, Farkas T (2000) Self-regulation of the lipid content of membranes by non-bilayer lipids: a hypothesis. Trends Plant Sci 5: 489-494.
3. Simidjiev I, Stoylova S, Amenitsch H, Jávorfi T, Mustárdy L, Laggner P, Holzenburg A, Garab G (2000) Self-assembly of large, ordered lamellae from non-bilayer lipids and integral membrane proteins in vitro. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 97: 1473-1476.
4. Mustárdy L, Garab G (2003) Granum revisited. A three-dimensional model–where things fall into place. Trends Plant Sci 8: 117-122.
5. Mustárdy L, Buttle K, Steinbach G, Garab G (2008) The three-dimensional network of the thylakoid membranes in plants: quasihelical model of the granum-stroma assembly. Plant Cell 20: 2552-2557.


1. Z Zhang, PH Lambrev, KL Wells, G Garab, HS Tan (2015): Direct observation of multistep energy transfer in LHCII with fifth-order 3D electronic spectroscopy, Nature Communications 6 (1), 1-7
2. G Garab (2016): Self-assembly and structural–functional flexibility of oxygenic photosynthetic machineries: personal perspectives, Photosynthesis Research 127 (1), 131-150
3. J Toudahl Nielsen, N V Kulminskaya, M Bjerring, J M Linnanto, M Rätsep, M Ø Pedersen, P H Lambrev, M Dorogi, G Garab, K Thomsen, C Jegerschöld, N U Frigaard, M Lindahl, N Chr Nielsen (2016): In situ high-resolution structure of the baseplate antenna complex in Chlorobaculum tepidum, Nature Communications 7 (1), 1-12
4. Garab G, Ughy B, Waard P, Akhtar P, Javornik U, Kotakis C, Šket P, Karlický V, Materová Z, Špunda V, Plavec J, van Amerongen H, Vígh L, As HV, Lambrev PH (2017) , Lipid polymorphism in chloroplast thylakoid membranes – as revealed by 31P-NMR and time-resolved merocyanine fluorescence spectroscopy. Scientific Reports 7: 13343
5. Magyar M, Sipka G, Kovacs L, Ughy B, Zhu Q, Han G, Spunda V, Lambrev PH, Shen JR, Garab G (2018) Rate-limiting steps in the dark-to-light transition of Photosystem II – revealed by chlorophyll-a fluorescence induction. Scientific Reports 8: 2755.